This sea port is designed for handling dry mineral raw materials from a cargo transport system into bulk carriers and vice versa. The sea port and the transport system form a functional single logistics facility, from a minefield to the holds of a bulk carrier. The loading capacity of the offshore port is determined by the capacity of the transport system, because, unlike railroad transport, – Sky Way transport provides a uniform (uninterrupted) rhythm of performance. Therefore, the storage volumes on an offshore platform can be completely ruled out. For example, with the performance of the Sky Way transport system at 200 million tons, loading of a bulk carrier with carrying capacity of 390 thousand tons will be completed "from the wheels" within 17 hours.
Platforms for loading and unloading have identical technological facilities – terminals of loading and unloading, respectively.
The external force shell of the processing platform superstructure in this design is created with a battery of storage towers, made in the form of reinforced concrete hollow cylinders, "intergrown" with each other. They have a common reinforced concrete base, which is mounted on the bottom ground of the seabed (natural or artificial).
The technological structure of the port is equipped with dockside walls on both sides, covered with a dust-holding shed and connected by a passage with the adjacent office tower. In case of locating a sea port in the area unprotected from waves, the construction of a breakwater may be required.
Compared to traditional offshore platforms, the described sea port has the following differences:
Reference information on sea ports and dry bulk fleet
Summarizing, we can state that the substantial and continuing increase of capacity of bulk carriers due to the rapid growth of the market of dry bulk cargoes, in the conditions of fierce competition, has created the problem of lack of deep-water ports. The solution to this problem is encumbered by impressive capital expenses (for dredging and creation of harbor areas), as well as complicated by a shortage of dredging machines and free coastal areas.
The developed concept of the Sky Way cargo transport systems allows to offer an alternative solution to the problem of lack of port facilities for transshipment of bulk cargoes through the development and construction of the Sky Way sea port on a sea shelf with the water depth of 25 − 30 meters, with practically no restrictions on the distance from the shore.